The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco) has recognized the art of singing the South Vietnamese amateurs as the intangible cultural heritage of humanity at the Intergovernmental Committee on the protection of the 8th intangible cultural heritage held in the city of Baku, Republic of Azerbaijan.
According to historical records, the song is a kind of art originating from Hue royal music. Where the word actor means talented music player, gifted, knowledgeable about ancient music.
Song Dynasty was introduced to the South in the late nineteenth century by three Central Vietnamese musicians Nguyen Quang Dai, Tran Quang Quen and Le Tai Khi. (nicknamed Yue) creative. First, these three creative musicians are just for entertaining and playing together in a small community. After that, the art has spread and attracted more audience. At first only the song, in the latter appeared more vocal form gradually called the song.
Song can be understood in the sense that: Amateur is talented, the masters participate in the show. There are also some ideas that amateurs mean amateurs, meaning that this musical activity is just for fun but in fact to become a true lyricist, The learning process is quite long and serious.
The art of singing the Southern amateurs of Vietnam is the intangible cultural heritage
The Song Dynasty of South Vietnam was formed in the late 19th century when musicians, musicians of the Nguyen Dynasty followed the Can Vuong movement to the South, bringing the tradition of Hue to the South. On the way, the musicians stop in Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Quang Nam, from which the voice with the voice of Hue bring a little flavor of Quang. When arriving in the South, the Chinese folk songs have changed, some of the songs of the same name, but the music is different from the original.
The nature of human and lifestyle in the South makes the original model does not y. Guys and singers do not want to stay the same as the teacher taught but always have some added features, change, embellish, make the model more penetrating. On the other because the heart always remember the source of the song so that the music of the singer is sad and sad tastes are favorite.
In the late 19 th century, the original song was mainly served at local festivals in the South. Sacred bands were often composed of percussion instruments and strings. Due to the need for late-night funerals, rituals need to be played in small volumes at the request of the host. Since then the band was organized more neatly and started using duets instead of the drum to hold the rhythm, as well as to remove the zither instrument to the flute. Such compact bands are referred to as folk groups. Since 1885, these groups have been known as amateur orchestras to distinguish them from the festive bands and contemporary pop songs.
At the beginning of the 20th century, folk songs became a popular music movement in the South, especially in localities like Bac Lieu, Vinh Long, Long An, My Tho and Saigon.
Because a line of music comes from the court, so the performance of the singer is quite special and requires the artist to have the talent, the real level. In Vietnam, there are three types of art that originate from royal music: Nha Nhac Hue, Ca Tru and Doan ca tai dieu. But different types of music and Ca tru singing is usually female, in the art of music, men and women have equal roles, men and singers are in equal positions.
The orchestra of the singer has more instruments than the orchestra of Ca tru and Hue. Previously, the orchestra of folk music using instruments such as needles, flocks, flute duo, pipes. Since about 1920, violin saxophone (bass guitar), bass and violin was added to the orchestra.
It was also because of the royal court that the Vietnam Folk Musics
were mostly performed in private homes or served a small audience. However, with time and the attraction of this music, today the song has been performed to perform public service.
When performing amateurs, artists often focus on the combination of musical instruments have different colors, rarely see the combination of musical instruments with timbre. Most notably the duet and the violin, the combination of silk and iron, which according to the experts is called iron knuckles. Sometimes it is the trio of metal – painting – stork, kim – painting – monotonous, paintings – storks – monopoly that specialists called tam chi jointly. If an amateur band has three musicians and a singer, they are called quartet, if there are four musicians and one singer, they are called the quintet.
Because the special singer is usually performed improvisation, based on the original traditional music, the singer is transformed in his own way. This difference makes the listener feel new even when listening to the same song.
The best part of amateurs is in the man’s proclamation and the way of the singer. The man who uses the word – to sing on the strings and to inspire you, to create the atmosphere for the ensemble. In addition, when performing, artists can use their own language to "respond" or "challenge" their co-stars. This is also the point of creating novel, attractive, attractive of this kind of art.
Songs of amateurs have a number of very rich and varied. In addition to using some of the songs in the ceremony, there are songs from Hue, folk songs in Central and South, and a large number of master and composer masterpieces.
Due to the linguistic and personal characteristics of the South, Central Music was developed especially in amateur music. Some famous songs are known as: Binh Dan’s song of Hue was developed into Binh Dan Van in the amateur music, Luu Thuy of Hue was converted into Luu Thuy Doan, Kim Tien Hue to Kim Tien …
In the Song Dynasty, there are many, but most of the masters of the song and experts say that the song has 20 songs called "biet thu group" in the North and South. In 20 villages there are 7 villages, 6 villages, 3 villages and 4 villages. It is said that these samples were collected by Ba Doi and are considered as the basis for those who started to enter the art of singing. Since 1945, Nguyen Van Thinh has been known as Mr. Giao Thinh – a prestigious musician in Saigon who has drawn up and disseminated a new system called the 72nd Southern Song Dynasty. thrust. Accordingly, a craftsman will be considered a master if he knows all 20 teams and in order to reach a higher level he needs to know all 72 of the ancient South.
The art of singing in the South of Vietnam is unesco recognized by the criteria: This art form is created by community of 21 provinces in South Vietnam. Song of the South is a part of the identity of the people in the South and was handed down from generation to generation, ensured continuity.